Cyber-crime is any illegal activity conducted via the internet, a computer or computer network. The U.S. Department of Justice calls it “one of the greatest threats facing our country.” Large-scale cyber-attacks often get top billing in the media, but every business is a target.
A Look at Cyber Crime
The breadth of cyber-crimes ranges from social media scams to attacks on IT infrastructure systems. There are four common cyber-attacks, but the kinds of attacks grow and change daily, leaving organizations vulnerable.
Phishing Scams – Phishers pretend to be legitimate companies and use spam, fake websites, emails, and instant messages to fool people into providing sensitive information or clicking on a malicious link.
Malware – The intent of malware is to damage or disable computers or computer systems – often for the purpose of extracting a ransom. It is typically introduced via email attachments, downloads, or operating system vulnerabilities.
Password Hacking – More than 90% of user-generated passwords are vulnerable. Password hacking occurs when a con artist attempts to access computer systems by figuring out passwords.
Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) Attacks – Hackers disrupt the computer network by sending high volumes of data or traffic through the network, thereby overloading it and causing business to come to an abrupt halt.
How HR Can Help Prevent Breaches
There are many steps organizations can take to protect against a cyber-crime, including frequently updating firewalls, conducting regular assessments for vulnerabilities and malware, restricting the use of unauthorized removable media devices, performing regular system backups, creating clear password policies, and providing ongoing employee education.
While the threat of a cyber attack can never be completely eliminated, HR teams alongside IT professionals can play a crucial role in the fight against cyber-crime.